Kwambio 3D Printing Technology leads to sustainable ceramic manufacturing
Ou Manufacturers are responsible for a substantial amount of material and energy consumption. Fundamentally, materials play an important role in enhancing the overall performance of an art object and in achieving the goal for sustainable construction in the industry.

Sustainable manufacturing involves considering the whole life cycle of the clay material that is developed to minimize all adverse impacts on the natural environment through sustainable mining design and material selection.

The selected material impact on the environment throughout its life cycle. This life cycle can be divided into five stages: mining, transporting, 3D printing, reuse.

SUSTAINABLE CLAY MINING

In Kwambio we stick to local mining. Our clay can be produced in required volumes without depleting non-renewable resources and disrupting the established steady-state equilibrium of the environment and key natural resource systems.
Since 1990, the wet route has been the most used around the world to prepare ceramic tile body raw materials. The process uses more energy and water and, consequently, is more costly in both economic and environmental term. Dry route is being considered a better alternative for the production of ceramics with lower environmental costs.
SAVING WATER

Average water consumption per square metre of manufactured ceramic tiles is 20L.
Dry route is being considered a better alternative for the production of ceramics with lower environmental costs. In the dry method utilized by Kwambio, water consumption is signif icantly reduced by 97%, since it negates the need to prepare a slurry, which on average consists of 35% water. Average water consumption per square metre of manufactured tiles drops to 0,5 L.



REDUCING CO2 EMISSIONS

Direct CO2 emissions are almost 80% lower from the Kwambio's dry method compared to the traditional wet method, due to the reduction in thermal energy obtained from natural gas combustion.

In the context of sustainability and considering the raw material preparation isolated, the dry route for the preparation of raw materials seems to offer clear environmental advantages.

In particular,
Water consumption is reduced by 74%

Thermal energy consumption and CO 2emissions are reduced by 78%

Electricity consumption is reduced by 36%